Youth from low-income families are vulnerable to poor outcomes as adults, as these youth often lack the resources and opportunities found to lead to better outcomes. This fact sheet compares the young adult outcomes and adolescent risk-taking behaviors of youth from low-income families to those from middle-income (201-400 percent of federal povert
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A father’s incarceration can represent a serious threat to economic stability for his children and family, yet little is known about earnings and child support payments among justice-involved men over the course of incarceration and release. This brief presents findings on pre- and post-incarceration wages and child support participation in the
Proceedings from a Working Meeting on School Readiness Research: Guiding the Synthesis of Early Childhood Research
This document presents the proceedings from A Working Meeting on Recent School Readiness Research:В Guiding the Synthesis of Early Childhood Research, which was held on October 21-22, 2008 in Washington, D.C.В The meeting was sponsored by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) and the Office of Planning, Res
Public Assistance Use Among Two-Parent Families: An Analysis of TANF and Food Stamp Program Eligibility and Participation
This study examines eligibility and participation among married and single parents in TANF and Food Stamp Programs. Results show that even among eligible families below 200% of poverty, married parents are less likely to participate in TANF and Food Stamps compared to single parents. These differences persist after controlling for a variety of fam
This report is the second of two reports to Congress from HHS' congressionally mandated evaluation of the US Dept. of Labor's Welfare-to-Work (WtW) Grants Program. The report presents findings from the outcomes analysis component of the evaluation, and describes the characteristics and subsequent experiences of enrollees in WtW programs in 11 stud
This paper addresses issues which arise at the juncture of welfare and disability policies. Using preliminary data from a recent survey of current and recent AFDC recipients in California, we find that disabilities and chronic health problems affect the mothers or children in 43% of all households in the AFDC system. The presence of one or more ch
The Welfare Indicators Act of 1994 requires the Secretary of Health and Human Services to prepare an annual report to Congress on indicators welfare dependence. The Indicators of Welfare Dependence report is prepared within the Office of Human Services Policy and delivered to Congress each spring. As mandated under the Congressional act, the repor
Contents Methodology Pass-through and Disregard Results Distributing All FTRO Child Support Collections to Former Welfare Families Effects on Administrative Costs Conclusion
A Policy to Provide Child Care Access for All Working Families: Effects on Mothers’ Employment and Caseload
This brief describes the effects of an alternative policy that would expand child care by providing subsidies for children ages three and younger in working families with incomes at or below 200 percent of the federal poverty guidelines. The alternative policy would also increase the average annual subsidy per child age three or younger from $5,56
This brief, part of a series on disconnected low-income men, presents data on the educational attainment and labor force participation of low-income men who are disengaged or at high risk of disengagement from mainstream economic and social life. It focuses primarily on men without postsecondary degrees.
This brief, part of a series on disconnected low-income men, provides a geographic and demographic snapshot of low-income men who are disengaged or at high risk of disengagement from mainstream economic and social life.
A large number of U.S. men of prime working age are neither gainfully employed nor pursuing education or other training, suggesting a potentially significant disconnection from mainstream economic and social life. The Urban Institute, funded by the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human S
Pat Doyle, Esther Miller and Jim Sears Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Family indicators typically include measures such as family structure, employment and poverty status, and benefit receipt. However, these indicators do not fully portray how families function as a unit and as part of society. To lay the groundwork for addressing this issue, ASPE contracted with Mathematica Policy Research and Child Trends to produ
This is the campanion volume of papers to the Indicators of Child, Family, and Community Connections chartbook. Family indicators typically include measures such as family structure, employment and poverty status, and benefit receipt. However, these indicators do not fully portray how families function as a unit and as part of society. To lay the
An Overview of Recent Work on Standard Budgets in the United States and Other Anglophone Countries by: Gordon M. Fisher
Child Support Cooperation Requirements in Child Care Subsidy Programs and SNAP: Key Policy Considerations
States have the option to require recipients of child care subsidies and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) to cooperate with child support agencies seeking to establish paternity and support orders; and to enforce child support obligations as a condition of eligibility. This brief, and one-page summary, examines the current poli
This factsheet provides descriptive information on child care eligibility and receipt. Of the 13.4 million children eligible for child care subsidies under federal rules, 16 percent received subsidies. Of the 8.3 million children eligible for child care subsidies under state rules, 26 percent received subsidies. Poorer children were more likely to
Income is a critical variable in policy analysis, and because of this, most federal household surveys collect at least some data on income. Yet income is exceedingly difficult to measure well in a household survey. Income questions produce some of the highest item nonresponse rates recorded in surveys, and comparisons of survey estimates with benc
Trends in the Use of Early Care and Education, 1995-2011: Descriptive Analysis of Child Care Arrangements from National Survey Data
The authors would like to acknowledge our Deputy Assistant Secretary for Human Services Policy, Ajay Chaudry, for his leadership and vision in the development of this report. The authors would also like to acknowledge Barbara Broman, Ann McCormick, Martha Moorehouse, and Pam Winston for their direction and reviews.