This report primarily provides analyses based on a telephone survey of 3,447 immigrant families (i.e., families with at least one foreign-born adult) in New York City and Los Angeles County, including detailed data on 7,843 people in those families. It describes the living conditions and immigration status of about 4.8 million people in Los Angel
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In-Home Supportive Services for the Elderly and Disabled: A Comparison of Client-Directed and Professional Management Models of Services Delivery--Non-Technical Summary Report
Elderly and younger persons with disabilities who require help from others to perform many of the most ordinary activities of daily living are said to require "long-term care." These services, when provided in the home or other non-institutional settings, may be termed personal assistance services, home and community-based services, or in-home sup
The activities of daily living (ADLs) are the basic task of everyday life: eating, bathing, dressing, toileting, and transferring. Although persons of all ages may have problems performing ADLs, disability prevalence rates are much higher for the elderly rising steeply with advancing age. When an effort is made to standardize ADL items for com
Despite the TANF program's emphasis on employment, the policies, practices and attitudes of the employers of TANF recipients have received limited attention. This study, conducted by Abt Associates and the Upjohn Institute for Employment Research, synthesizes existing research regarding employers, workforce intermediaries, and TANF recipients and
Prepared by: R. William Thomas Abt Associates Prepared for: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation Department of Health, Education, and Welfare Contract: HEW-100-76-0179 Each chapter of the Report is in PDF format. Download a copy of the reader .
This paper explains the cost estimates for the long-term care provisions of the Health Security Act. [44 PDF pages]
These Papers describe the current state of knowledge about long-term care in the U.S., and serve as a knowledge base for the difficult analytic tasks that lie ahead. They are based on the work of HHS's Task Force on Long-Term Care up to January 1981 and contain data that have not been available before. Five Papers make up this document: (1) an ove
This report to Congress responds to a mandate of the Orphan Drug Act (P.L.97-414, January 4, 1983), which called for the Secretary of HHS to conduct demonstration projects to test methods for identifying individuals at risk of institutional placement who could be treated more cost-effectively with home health and other non-institutional services.
The purpose of this paper is to describe the diverse strategies that have been proposed for long-term care reform (for persons age 65+), and to present a balanced discussion of the points that have been made in support of, and in opposition to, each proposal. What the authors believe is "balanced" may not be perceived to be so by those who advocat
High Service or High Privacy Assisted Living Facilities, Their Residents and Staff: Results from a National Survey
This report gives a description of the policies and practices, residents, and staff in the segment of the assisted living facility (ALF) industry that provides the highest level of services and privacy. It reports data on a nationally representative sample of residents and staff in ALFs classified as providing relatively high services or offering
The objective of this report is to summarize the findings from the quantitative and qualitative methods used to answer the key study questions. The report provides a description of the states, agencies, and patients that participated in the study. Quantitative data are used to (1) examine the influence of patient, provider, agency, and market/regu
Information Needs Associated with the Changing Organization and Delivery of Health Care: Summary of Perceptions, Activities, Key Gaps, and Priorities
This report summarizes the insights and conclusions drawn from a project to asses unmet needs for supply-side information on the health system. The project focused on identifying how information needs associated with a changing health care system are perceived by providers, insurers, purchasers, consumers, and government at various levels. The pro
The privatization of welfare services has increased significantly and expanded into new services since passage of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 (PRWORA) gave states additional flexibility to design and operate their Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) programs. Despite its increasing popular
In the evaluation of the National Long-Term Care Channeling Demonstration, some members of the research sample were lost to the analysis due to sample attrition. Sample attrition could distort the treatment/control group comparison, depending on the type of attrition that occurred. This report investigates whether there was evidence of bias due to