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This study analyzes data from the 1985 National Nursing Home Survey to examine the phenomenon of multiple nursing home admissions. This is done in order to determine the number of individuals who would be fully covered if "front-end" nursing home coverage options were enacted. Analysis of nursing home stays indicates that 51% of admissions would b
Development of an Assistive Technology and Environmental Assessment Instrument for National Surveys: Final Report - Part I
The purpose of this project was to develop, pilot, and disseminate a set of instruments for national surveys to measure the use of assistive technology and the environments in which they are used. The project focused on older adults living in the community. The instruments have been designed as a series of modules that can be adopted in whole or p
Are today's elderly healthier than previous generations or does increased longevity come with increased risk of disability and reduced quality of life? In the ongoing search for a definitive answer, this paper provides a comprehensive review of the evidence, both for the United States and internationally. The basic conclusion is that disability ra
The study of family strengths has been pursued by researchers from a variety of disciplines, including psychiatry, sociology, psychology, and family/marriage counseling. This paper will present an overview of this growing literature, focusing on four topics: the definition of strong families; the characteristics of strong families as identified by
This report looks at the changing nature of the caseload by examining the characteristics and circumstances of three groups: people who leave welfare and stay off for at least a year (leavers), people who stay on welfare persistently (stayers), and people who cycle on and off the rolls (cyclers). The report uses a unique data set consisting of ove
The activities of daily living (ADLs) are the basic tasks of everyday life. Reported estimates of the size of the elderly population with ADL disabilities differ substantially across national surveys. Differences in which ADL items are being measured and in what constitutes a disability account for much of the variation. Other likely explanations
Report from the Working Group on Improving Public Policies and Programs Affecting Persons with Mental Retardation and Other Developmental Disabilities
This report analyzes the impact of current federal policies and programs on the growth of community living arrangements and supportive services for people with mental retardation and other developmental disabilities (MR/DD).
Many children with special health care needs depend on the health and supportive services provided by Medicaid. It is important that policymakers have a sound understanding of these children's patterns of health care use, especially given the shift to managed care. Previous studies of children on Medicaid with severe disability and/or chronic illn
The purpose of this study is to explore the extent to which changes in medication use account for improvements in functioning among older Americans. Using several waves of the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative survey of non-institutionalized Americans ages 51-61, the authors examine changes between 1992 and 1998 and between
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Federal Programs for Persons with Disabilities Brian O. Burwell, Bonnie Preston, and Sarah Bailey Mathematica Policy Research, Inc. January 1990 PDF Version: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/task2es.pdf (143 PDF pages)
This study describes community and institutional service use patterns over a five year period (1982-1987), based on secondary analyses of longitudinal data for over 4,000 Massachusetts elderly. Emphasis was placed on community service use of persons judged to be at high risk of institutional placement. For nursing home users, the elderly were dist
This study uses the 1985 National Nursing Home Survey to examine the use and cost of nursing home care among the elderly population of the United States. The following questions are addressed: How many persons aged 65+ use nursing homes in a given year? How do they stay and what are their annual charges? How often, and to what extent, do residents
Assessing the Economics of EMR Adoption and Successful Implementation in Physician Small Practice Settings
By: Moshman Associates, Booz, Allen, Hamilton This report is currently only available in PDF format.