This compendium is published by the Office of Disability, Aging and Long Term Care Policy within the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation/HHS. It summarizes the status of current research, the results of research projects sponsored from 1992 1996, and highlights future research plans. Previous editions of this booklet were
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The Pennhurst Longitudinal Study was a five year, in-depth review of the effects of the court-ordered deinstitutionalization of Pennhurst residents. Its aim was to provide federal and state officials and others with information to make better policy decisions regarding the processes related to the deinstitutionalization which is underway in many p
An Exploratory Analysis of the Medicaid Expenditures of Substance Exposed Children Under 2 Years of Age in California
This project was designed to explore the utilization and expenditures to Medicaid of substance exposed children, using data on the experience of children born in California in 1986, 1987 and 1988. The Medicaid experience of these children in their first two years of life was the focus of the analysis. The study also included a randomly sampled com
Deriving State-level Estimates from Three National Surveys: A Statistical Assessment and State Tabulations
This report assesses the statistical issues involved in the production of state level estimates related to health and welfare issues from three national surveys: the Current Population Survey (CPS), the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP), and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). With the devolution of many welfare programs f
Effects of Medicare's Hospital Prospective Payment System (PPS) on Disabled Medicare Beneficiaries: Final Report
The purpose of this study was to determine how PPS has affected the patterns of care received by Medicare beneficiaries with chronic disabling conditions. The study used the 1982 and 1984 National Long-Term Care Surveys to provide an empirical analysis of differences in the utilization patterns of hospital, skilled nursing facility and home health
Most policymakers agree that the current structure of the Social Security Administration's disability programs creates substantial work disincentives for people with disabilities. One set of policy options concerns changing the links both between Medicare and the Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) program, and between Medicaid and the Sup
A study was conducted on elderly long-term care population characteristics and service use; it focused on functional transitions at advanced ages and the impact of long-term care services on these transitions. Analysis was done using the 1982 and 1984 National Long-Term Care Surveys and the Channeling data sets; and a later analysis was done of th
This project focuses on the development, analysis, and use of neighborhood health indicators pertaining to children and youth. Using data provided by five data intermediary organizations (located in large cities) that participate in the Neighborhood Indicators Partnership (NNIP), Urban Institute conducted a cross-site analysis and provided technic
This report provides an overview of the major federal assistance programs targeted on non-elderly persons with disabilities. Program descriptions include expenditures, trends, the number and characteristics of recipients, eligibility rules, recent program history and legislative changes, and interactions with other federal programs.
This paper considers ways to determine the ability of users to contribute to the costs of their care. When better estimates of the costs of long-term care are known, the figures developed here can be used to indicate where shares of the health expenditure burden could be borne privately by individuals. For this analysis, two groups of households a
This report analyzes the treatment and control groups in the National Long-Term Care Channeling Demonstration and concludes that the randomization procedure resulted in groups that are very similar on observable characteristics. Even for site level comparisons, where larger differences were expected because of smaller sample sizes, the number of s