People and families are considered poor when they lack the economic resources necessary to experience a minimal living standard. Official U.S. Census Bureau statistics estimate that 40 million persons, 12.3 percent of the total population, were poor in the United States in 2017. The topic of poverty is widely considered a cause for national action
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This paper presents data on the current state of Medicaid, the nation's program providing health and long-term care services to low-income families, elderly, and disabled individuals. The paper reports both historical and projected trends in Medicaid enrollment and spending. Information is presented on trends by major Medicaid eligibility catego
50-Year Trends and Safety Net Impacts Report Poverty in the United States: 50-Year Trends and Safety Net Impacts presents analyses of the impact of the safety net on poverty rates and a close look at populations experiencing high risks of poverty during the 50 years since the War on Poverty began.
This project addressed transition events associated with people entering and exiting poverty using data from the Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) and the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID). The study found that poverty entries and exits changed over the past two decades, with an increase in both poverty entries and exits (i.e.,
Return to Poverty Guidelines Poverty Estimates, Trends, and Analysis Introduction This page includes resources on the two slightly different versions of the U.S. (federal) poverty measure: the poverty thresholds and the poverty guidelines .
This article discusses the cost of teenage childbearing as estimated by the Center for Population Options (CPO). The single-year cost for all families originating from a teen birth is estimated at approximately $25 billion in 1990, up from $16.6 billion in 1985. The rapid increase in expenditures related to adolescent childbearing is considered a
This study examines relationships between indicators of economic opportunity and the prevalence of prescription opioids and substance use in the United States. We have three primary findings: The prevalence of drug overdose deaths and opioid prescriptions has risen unevenly across the county, with rural areas more heavily impacted. Specific g
Announcement of Award of Fiscal Year 2011 The Department announced on September 29th $2.4 million in grants to support continued research and evaluation of important and emerging social policy issues associated with the nature, causes, correlates, and effects of income dynamics, poverty, individual and family functioning, and child well-being.
This paper explains differences between the counts of persons in poverty as published by the Census and the counts one gets when doing a simple tabulation of the public use CPS file.
This paper explains differences between the counts of persons in poverty as published by the Census Bureau, and the counts one gets when doing a simple tabulation of the public use CPS file. (ASPE Research Notes, Volume 20) [5 PDF pages]
This report examines the employment patterns and income progression of single mothers and their families for two years after they exit poverty. The study found that 30 percent of single mothers were poor but then left poverty. Work effort was high among single mothers who left poverty: on average they worked for three-quarters of the subsequent tw
The figure above presents alternative poverty trends, first based on the actual definition of resources (the solid line) and then excluding safety net resources (dotted line). The role of transfers is clearly pronounced during the recent Great Recession. Without taxes and transfers, poverty would have risen from 23.6 percent to 28.7 percent (5.1 p