Studies of Maternity Group Homes
|Studies||Data Sources and Methodology||Characteristics and Outcomes|
|Collins, Mary Elizabeth, Terry S. Lane, and Joyce West Stevens. Teen Living Programs for Young Mothers Receiving Welfare: An Analysis of Implementation and Issues in Service Delivery. Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Human Services, vol. 84, no. 1, 2003, pp. 31-38.
Collins, Mary Elizabeth, Cristi Lemon, and Elizabeth Street. A Consumer Review of Teen Living Programs: Teen Parents Satisfaction with Program Components and Services. Families in Society, vol. 81, no. 3, 2000, pp. 284-293.
Collins, Mary Elizabeth, Joyce West Stevens, and Terry S. Lane. Teenage Parents and Welfare Reform: Findings from a Survey of Teenagers Affected by Living Requirements. Social Work, vol. 45, no. 4, July 2000, pp. 327-338.
|Site visits to 21 TLP sites in 1998 and surveys of 72 current and 127 past residents (about one year, on average, after leaving the home); 69 percent response rate; outcomes of TLP residents compared to program expectations and to external data on similar populations||Describes Massachusetts Teen Living Program (TLP) and its residents; presents outcomes on health, TANF receipt, education/training, employment, repeat pregnancy, housing/homelessness, abuse, and various dimensions of participant satisfaction|
|Cooper, Edith Fairman. Second Chance Homes: Federal Funding, Programs, and Services. Washington, DC: Congressional Research Service Report for Congress. September 29, 2003.||Based on other literature||Discusses selected results of other studies on maternity group homes|
|The Economist. Another Home, Another Chance. Economist, vol. 336, no. 7931, September 9, 1995, pp. 32-33.||Based on other literature||Presents select results from a few maternity group homes (Homes for the Homeless American Family Inns, Crittenton House, St. Anns, and Bridgewater)|
|Fischer, Robert L. Toward Self-Sufficiency: Evaluating a Transitional Housing Program for Homeless Families. Policy Studies Journal, vol. 28, no. 2, 2000.||Administrative data on 98 families, and surveys of participants and staff; 58% response rate for exit interviews, 55% for followup; outcomes compared to external data on similar populations, to different cohorts, and to the same individuals at different points in time||Describes the Family Development Center in Georgia and its residents; presents outcomes on employment, education/training, earnings, housing, receipt of public assistance, and repeat pregnancy|
|Georgia Campaign for Adolescent Pregnancy Prevention. http://www.gcapp.org/programs_secondchance.html Accessed January 2004.||Program documents||Presents outcomes at exit from Georgias network on education, employment, and immunizations|
|Koniak-Griffin, Deborah. Psychosocial and clinical variables in pregnant adolescents: A Survey of maternity home residents. Journal of Adolescent Health Care, vol. 10, no. 1, January 1989, pp. 23-29.||Surveys of 90 pregnant teen residents of two maternity homes in Los Angeles to measure self esteem, social support, and attachment to unborn child; compared sample to results of other studies of different populations||Presents outcomes during residence on self-esteem, social support, and attachment to unborn child|
|Reich, Kathy, and Lisa M. Kelly. A Place to Call Home: Second Chance Homes in Georgia. Washington, DC: Social Policy Action Network, March 2000.||Interviews with maternity group home practitioners||Describes seven networks and six privately-run maternity group homes|
|Reich, Kathleen. Improving Outcomes for Mother and Child: A Review of the Massachusetts Teen Living Program. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University, John F. Kennedy School of Government, April 1996.||Program records and a survey of 14 other maternity group homes in other states||Describes Massachusetts TLP (and its residents) and 14 other maternity group homes; mentions selected outcomes from individual programs|
|Saint Elizabeths Regional Maternity Center. http://www.stelizabeths1.org/ Accessed January 2004.||Program documents; resident characteristics at intake compared to later||Presents outcomes of Saint Elizabeths home residents at intake and after program on welfare receipt and education|
|Saunders, Edward. Residential Program Serves Pregnant Teens and Young Mothers in Iowa. Children Today, vol. 19, no. 1, 1990, pp. 8-13.||Not discussed||Describes the Adolescent Pregnancy Program of Central Iowa and its residents; presents anecdotal outcomes of two participants|
|Sawyer, Christie. Teen Living Program Network: FY 99 Monitoring Report. Prepared for the Massachusetts Department of Social Services and the Massachusetts Department of Transitional Assistance, 2000.||Program intake and exit data and annual survey data on 149 TLP residents; compares characteristics of individuals at two different points in time||Describes Massachusetts TLP and its residents; presents outcomes on skill levels, education/training, employment, income, and father involvement|
|Social Policy Action Network. Second Chance Homes National Directory. Washington, DC: SPAN, November 2001.||Survey of maternity group homes||Describes 95 maternity group homes around the country; mentions several outcomes in introduction, but no discussion|
|Social Policy Action Network. Seeking Supervision: Second Chance Homes and the TANF Minor Teen Parent Living Arrangement Rule. Washington, DC: SPAN, 1999.||Review of literature on living arrangements for minor parents and discussions with providers||Describes three state networks (Massachusetts, New Mexico, and Rhode Island) and. more briefly, nine local maternity group homes; reports some outcomes from homes own reports and some from literature review|
|Sylvester, Kate, and Kathy Reich. Second Chance Homes: Advice for States. Washington, DC: SPAN, September 1999.||Based on conversations with staff at those homes||Presents selected outcomes from a few maternity group homes (including Massachusetts and New Mexico networks, Bridgeway, Las Cruces Teen Parent Residence, and Seton Home) on repeat pregnancies, education, stronger life skills, and health|
|Sylvester, Kathleen. Second-Chance Homes: Breaking the Cycle of Teen Pregnancy. Washington, DC: Progressive Policy Institute, June 1995.||Interviews with maternity group home practitioners||Describes 14 different maternity group homes around the country (in appendix); presents various self-reported, anecdotal, and short-term outcomes reported on nine maternity group homes|
|U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. Second Chance Homes: Providing Services for Teenage Parents and Their Children. Washington, DC: ASPE, October 2000.||Based on other studies||Notes outcomes reported by other studies of maternity group homes on education, employment, welfare dependency, repeat pregnancies, health, child abuse and neglect|
|Wood, Robert G., and John Burghardt. Implementing Welfare Reform Requirements for Teenage Parents: Lessons for Experiences in Four States. Princeton, NJ: Mathematica Policy Research, Inc., October 31, 1997.||Site visits||Describes Massachusetts TLP|