Monitoring Outcomes for Former Welfare Recipients:
A Review of 11 Survey Instruments

Appendix IV-A

Food Security/Hunger Core Module:

3-Stage Design, With Screeners (7/28/97)

Questions, by #, in Core Module Grantees Grantee Adaptions:
#1. Which of these statements best describes the food eaten in your household in the last 12 months, that is, since (current month) of last year:
  • We [always] have enough to eat and the kinds of food we want
  • We have enough to eat but not always the kinds of foods we want
  • Sometimes we don't have enough to eat; or
  • Often we don't have enough to eat (Don't know or refused)
Arizona, Georgia, Cuyahoga & L.A. San Mateo, Other: CO, S AZ: And, during those 6 months, was there ever a time when you or your family did not have enough to eat?

Child Outcomes/SIPP: Which of these statements best described the food eaten in PRIOR MONTH/last 4 months?

#1a. Here are some reasons why people don't always have enough to eat. For each one, please tell me if that is a reason why YOU don't always have enough to eat. [Read list. Mark all that apply.] Not enough money for food; Too hard to get to store; On a diet; No working stove available; Not able to cook or eat because of health problems. #1b. Same question about why people don't always have the kinds of food they want or need. Last two responses changed to: Kinds of food (I/we) want not available; Good quality food not available. San Mateo (#1a and 1b)  
Intro to #2 (*) Now I'm going to read you several that people have made about their food situation. For these statements, please tell me whether the statement was OFTEN true, SOMETIMES true, or NEVER true for your household in the last 12 months, that is, Georgia, Washington, Other: CO, N GA: For these statements, please tell me whether the statement was often true, sometimes true, or never true for your household over the past 12 months.

WA: In the last 6 months, if at all, how often have you experienced any of the following problems? since last (name of current) month.

#2. The first statement is "we were worried whether our food would run out before we got money to buy more" Georgia, DC, Other: N  
#3. (*) The food that we bought just didn't last, and we didn't have enough money to get more. Georgia, DC, Illinois, Cuyahoga/LA, Other: CO, N Illinois: [During this time period] was there ever a time when the food you bought....(asked about last 6 months before exit, and also about 5-7 mos since exit).
#4. (*) We couldn't afford to eat balanced meals. Georgia, Washington, Cuyahoga/LA, Other: CO WA: (6 mos): Not enough money to provide balanced meals for the family
#5. (*) We relied on only a few kinds of low-cost food to feed our children because we were running out of money to buy food.    
#6. We couldn't feed our children a balanced meal, because we couldn't afford that.    
#7. Our children were not eating enough because we just couldn't afford enough food.    
#8(*). In the last 12 months, since XX, did you or other adults in your household ever cut the size of your meals or skip meals because there wasn't enough money for food? Illinois, D.C., Washington, Cuyahoga/LA, San Mateo, Other: CO, N Ill: [During this time period] Was there ever a time when anyone in your family ever cut the size of meals or skipped meals because... (asked about last 6 months before exit, and also about 5-7 mos since exit).

WA: (6 mos): Cut the size of meals because... (Separate question:) Skip meals because.... (See below on adults vs. children)

SM: In the last month, did anyone skip any meals because there wasn't enough food, or money or food stamps to buy food?

# 8a (*). How often did this happen - almost every month, some months but not every month, or only 1 or 2 months? Cuyahoga/LA, DC, Other: CO, N  
#9 (*). In the last 12 months, were you ever hungry but didn't eat because you couldn't afford enough food? Cuyahoga/LA Other: CO CY: Since your welfare benefits ended last month, were you ever hungry but didn't eat because....
#10(*). In the last 12 months, did you ever eat less than you felt you should because there wasn't enough money to buy food? Cuyahoga/LA, Other: O  
#11. In the last 12 months, did you lose weight because you didn't have enough money for food?    
#12 In the last 12 months, did you or other adults in your household ever not eat for a whole day because there wasn't enough money for food? Washington, San Mateo WA: Going without food all day because there was no money to buy food.

SM: In last month, were there days when your H.H. had no food, or money or food stamps to buy food?

#12a. How often did this happen - almost every month, some months but not every month, or in only 1 or 2 months?    
#13. In the last 12 months, since XX of last year, did you ever cut the size of any of the children's meals because there wasn't enough money for food? Washington Did this (cutting meal size) happen only to adult members of your family or both adults and children?
#14. In the last 12 months, did any of the children ever skip meals because there wasn't enough money for food? Missouri Washington MO: During last month...... How many days did this happen during [last month]..

WA: Did this (skipping meals) happen only to adult members of your family or both adults and children?

#14a. How often did this happen - almost every month, some months but not every month, or in only 1 or 2 months? Missouri  
#15. In the last 12 months, were the children ever hungry but you just couldn't afford more food?    
#16. In the last 12 months, did any of the children ever not eat for a whole day because there wasn't enough money for food? Washington Did this (not eating for a day) happen only to adult members of your family or both adults and children)
Other Items, Not from USDA Food Security/Hunger Core Module   FL: Was there ever a time when you could not afford to buy food?

MO: Was there a time when you/your household was unable to bun enough for its/your needs.

SC: Was there ever a time when you had no way to buy food? (No, yes, on welfare, after welfare)

WI: Was there a time when you had no way to buy food? (No, yes, on welfare, after welfare)


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Last modified November 5, 1999